International Consolidated Airlines PLC (LON:IAG), the parent company of British Airways, is understood to be approaching Norwegian Air Shuttle with a third takeover offer.
But it is not the only European airline group trying to taking a bigger chunk of market share through acquisitions.
Budget airline EasyJet PLC (LON:EZY) became the largest carrier in Berlin after snapping up some assets from collapsed airline Air Berlin.
The €40mln deal, cleared by the European Commission in December, included some operations at Tegel airport, leases for up to 25 A320 aircraft and the taking on of about 1,000 of Air Berlin’s pilots and cabin crew.
Ryanair PLC (LON:RYA) in March agreed to buy a 75% stake in Vienna-based Laudamotion – formed out of insolvent carrier Niki, which used to be part of Air Berlin and was founded by former motor racing champion Niki Lauda.
The deal followed attempts by Lufthansa and IAG to secure Laudamotion.
In December, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority approved Lufthansa’s deal to buy Air Berlin's regional carrier Luftfahrtgesellschaft Walter (LGW) after agreeing to purchase fewer landing slots at Düsseldorf airport than originally planned.
There is also speculation that Lufthansa is considering taking on Italy’s struggling carrier Alitalia.
Rising oil prices and tough competition
The consolidation in Europe underlines the pressures airlines are facing from fierce competition and rising fuel costs.
“Investors will be hoping that the airlines resist the temptation to start adding substantial amounts of fresh capacity to help keep load factors and pricing tight, especially at a time when fuel costs are rising,” said Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell.
Ryanair today cut its guidance for 2019 profits, blaming higher fuel and staff costs.
It also warned of “limited” visibility on air fares in the first half and “zero” visibility for the second half after lowering prices by 3% in 2018 to attract passengers in a competitive market.
Despite tough competition and higher fuel costs, global demand remains strong.
“The global economic upturn since 2009 may have been tepid at best but global air travel demand continues to surge, helped by improved economic conditions and a trend toward spending on ‘experiences’ and away from buying ‘stuff’,” said Mould.
“Some economists are starting to fret that the current economic environment is ‘as good as it gets’ and in the past demand for air travel has tended to be sensitive to the overall economic growth.”
'Hard Brexit' fears
However, airlines remain wary about the impact of a so-called 'hard' Brexit that could lead to the loss of flying rights between the UK and the European Union.
The UK government has proposed a transition deal after Brexit to soften the blow for businesses but nothing has been set in stone yet.
The UK's vote to leave the EU has already weakened consumer confidence and many politicians and economists have warned that a 'hard' Brexit could have a much bigger impact on the economy.