Big Picture – A Deep Dive Examination of AFC Energy PLC
AFC Energy PLC Snapshot
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AFC Energy’s objectives are to secure value added partnerships with recognised industrial and institutional groups as well as commencing scoping studies and securing contracts for fuel cell projects.
With the POWER-UP programme, we now have a pilot plant system operating in Germany at an industrial plant owned by Air Products, which in turn accepts hydrogen from Dow Chemicals.
AFC has also signed MoUs in three of its key regions, including the Middle East (Dubai), South-East Asia (Thailand) and northeast Asia (South Korea).
POWER-UP is one of the EU Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking’s stationary fuel cell demonstration projects.
The project has a budget of €11.5 million and a scheduled duration of 51 months, starting in April 2013 and concluding in June 2017.
Key highlights achieved for the project:
Delivery of an AFC system that converts hydrogen into electricity, water and heat
Successful scaled-up manufacture of fuel cell components
Demonstration of an automated process that assembles components into fuel cell stacks ready for incorporation within the system
Reduced installation and commissioning times (and costs) of the system through the development of a modular, containerised Balance of Plant
Effective recycling of substrate plates, catalyst materials and stack components
Understanding and quantifying the direct and indirect environmental burdens of the fuel cell system (including its hydrogen supply and component recycling) and the relevant socio-economic factors
Meeting end-user reliability requirements and compatibility with end-user’s plant maintenance schedules
Power successfully dispatched and sold to the grid
To achieve the objectives of project POWER-UP, AFC Energy has put together an international consortium of world-class expertise:
AFC Energy plc (UK) – Project Co-ordinator
Air Products plc (UK) – World’s leading supplier of hydrogen and site host
GB Innomech (UK) – Automation specialists
Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland) – Independent technical, environmental and economic evaluation
ZBT Centre for fuel cell technology (Germany) – CE marking and regulatory compliance
European Hydrogen Association (EU) – publicity and dissemination of results
Throughout the duration of project POWER-UP, tens of thousands of fuel cells will need to be assembled. UK automation specialist, GB Innomech, has used a combination of established automation processes to develop and commission a pilot automation system.
As part of the project, technical, environmental and economic assessments of the POWER-UP system will be conducted by the Paul Scherrer Institut of Switzerland. This will be an objective study based on a broad range of indicators at the multi-disciplinary level of sustainability.
Regulatory Compliance and CE Certification
ZBT GmbH has joined the consortium to ensure that the POWER-UP system complies with all relevant national and European regulations and will ensure that the system is CE-compliant by the end of the project.
POWER-UP received generous funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) managed by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative under grant agreement No. 325356.
AFC Energy's proprietary AFC system is arguably the most cost effective fuel cell system available.
Project ALKAMMONIA will integrate three innovative and proven technologies: a highly efficient and low-cost alkaline fuel cell system, a highly efficient fuel processing system and a novel ammonia fuel system. The integrated system will be rigorously tested and the results shared with leading telecommunication end-users.
In order to meet the ever increasing demand for improved signal coverage and bandwidth for mobile telecommunications in remote parts of the world, project ALKAMMONIA will develop a commercially viable and reliably operating proof-of-concept alkaline fuel cell system as a real alternative to conventional, diesel-powered generators. These diesel generators pose several problems: greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions, high operating and maintenance costs, regular fuel and generator theft and noise. The shortcomings of generators can be overcome if they are replaced by highly efficient and low-cost alkaline fuel cells in combination with a novel, practically emission free ammonia fuel system.
The idea of using ammonia (chemical formula NH3) as a fuel is well known. The most significant advantage of using ammonia as a fuel is that local CO2 emissions are completely avoided. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the world, used for many processes and applications. Due to its many uses, ammonia is readily available in nearly all parts of the world.
Ammonia can be split into its constituents, nitrogen and hydrogen. This gas mixture can efficiently be converted into electricity using a fuel cell. In contrast to fossil fuels, which need a complex reforming process in order to produce a hydrogen rich gas, the splitting of ammonia – usually termed ‘cracking’ – is a very simple and efficient process. Ammonia has a very high energy density even at low pressures when compared to hydrogen. This makes it economic to transport and a very attractive energy carrier in the growing hydrogen economy.
Alkaline fuel cells (AFC) are ideally suited to run on ammonia since, in contrast to acidic fuel cells such as PEM, the alkaline nature of NH3 does not harm the AFC. AFCs can operate directly using cracked ammonia, avoiding the need for an expensive hydrogen ‘cleanup step’. This increases system efficiency and decreases capital and operational costs. With efficiencies of over 60% at full load conditions, AFC Energy’s proprietary AFC system will be a cost effective fuel cell system.
Project ALKAMMONIA received generous funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), managed by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No. 325343.
Dubai Carbon Centre of Excellence (“Dubai Carbon”)
AFC Energy signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Dubai Carbon Centre of Excellence (“Dubai Carbon”) at the 2015 Water, Energy, Technology and Environment Exhibition (WETEX) in Dubai. The MoU provides a framework for the assessment and potential deployment of an estimated 300MW of fuel cell generation capacity in Dubai.
This landmark deal reaffirms AFC Energy’s transition to a global energy company working in collaboration with some of Dubai’s leading companies. Dubai Carbon and AFC Energy will initially assess the potential for deployment of the fuel cell within projects such as Dubai Expo 2020, The World Development by Nakheel, and major infrastructure projects including the Al Maktoum International Airport.
Dutco Group of Companies (“Dutco”)
AFC Energy has also signed a Heads of Agreement with DNR Industries Ltd., part of the leading Dubai-based investment and project developer, Dutco Group of Companies (“Dutco”) to jointly fund and develop a business plan for the large-scale deployment of AFC Energy’s fuel cells across the Middle East.
A joint venture between AFC Energy and Dutco is expected to cover the deployment of AFC Energy’s fuel cells across the United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Bahrain, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sultanate of Oman, Qatar and Kuwait. Based on initial estimates from market soundings already undertaken in the region individually and collectively by AFC Energy and Dutco over recent months, this could present an opportunity on its own to deliver a large percentage of, if not in excess of, AFC Energy’s stated target for 1GW of fuel cell development by the end of 2020.
South Korea - Samyoung and Chang
AFC Energy has signed a Project Development Agreement Milestone 50MW Deal with Samyoung and Chang Shin in South Korea for the deployment of an initial 50MW of fuel cell generation capacity in Daesan, Korea.
South Korea’s strong incentives in the deployment of fuel cell technologies haves brought significant investment and employment opportunities to the Daesan region, which AFC Energy is proud to support.
Bangkok Industrial Gas Co. Ltd (“BIG”)
AFC Energy has executed its first Heads of Agreement (HoA) in Thailand to initiate a programme of commercial fuel cell deployment with a leading Thai industrial gas company, Bangkok Industrial Gas Co. Ltd (“BIG”).
HoA establishes a framework for the assessment and deployment of an initial 10MW of fuel cell capacity utilising surplus hydrogen from BIG-owned hydrogen pipelines and related facilities in the Rayong Province of Thailand.
Principal place of business
Unit 71.4 Dunsfold Park
Dunsfold Park is located 7 miles south of Guildford, and accessed via the A281.
The A3, 8.5 miles north, provides routes to the M25 (J10), and south to the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth.
Gatwick Airport is approximately 30 miles drive.
If using a Satellite Navigation System to find Dunsfold Park, please type in our street address which is “Stovolds Hill” instead of the postcode as this will not get you directly to the site.
Grid Reference : 502800,136700
Registered in England, company number 05668788
Registered office: Unit 71.4 Dunsfold Park, Stovolds HIll, Cranleigh, Surrey GU6 8TB
Date incorporated: 09/01/2006
AFC Energy plc
5-7 Cranwood Street
Mc Peat & Co
020 7104 2334
Nominated Advisor and Joint Broker
Cantor Fitzgerald Europe
1 Churchill Pl
Solicitors to the Company
Memery Crystal LLP
44 Southampton Buildings
+44 (0)20 7242 5905
Auditors and Reporting Accountants
Grant Thornton House
Melton Street, Euston Square
London NW1 2EP
+44 (0)20 7383 5100
Financial Public Relations Consultants
020 3697 1209
PO Box 1075
020 8676 2600